Contextul proiectului (eng)

3.3. Project context (maximum 3500 characters):

In the Banat region near all settlements have a park. The most of them were established in the same time as a settlement itself. It was mostly in XVIII and XIX century. The Austrian empire which ruled on these areas in that time strictly planned all public facilities, including parks. That planned establishment of parks project, implement and monitor landscape experts. Numbers of such parks in the region vary from 300 to 500. On the end of XIX and beginning of XX century Banat had maintained a distinctive appearance of well arranged Central European region.

After the World War I integral region was divided into three countries (Hungary 10%, Romania 50% and Yugoslavia 40%) and every part followed own independent development. After the World War II boundaries among states became more impermeable. The fate of people shared the parks.

In the near past parks didn’t considered as cultural and urban heritage but only as green area available to citizens. They were regularly maintained and chaotically reconstructed without any expertise and respect for rules Over time with that practice large degraded spaces were occurred in the landscape, urban and cultural sense. The European character of parks disappeared.

Situation on the beginning of XIX century is more favourable for rearrangement of people to people connections. Borders are now softened and old links started to strengthen. With the strengthening of connections idea of rearrangement Banat as European region becomes actual. It means that cultural heritage common for region would be established including urban landscape.

The best way to rearrange parks is joint work. This joint effort will strengthen both connections between people and between stakeholders interested in urban landscape arrangement.

The way of rearrangement old parks will be based on new scientific knowledge and experience especially that linked with applied ecology. One of new approach is monitoring of changes that occur on vegetation during time and adequate human intervention to maintain the desired state. Desired status will be enough green areas in urban, settlements for mitigation environmental problems occurred by intensive economic development. Through the enlargement of green surface cultural heritage of the form and look of landscape could be restored.

The new system of urban green areas and tactical and strategically monitoring of it will be the aim of joint expert effort. The principles for this system will be:

Simulation of nature system – in our case the nature vegetation of Banat will be the prevailed one in the parks; all measures will be jointly planned and monitor to reach enough degree of harmonization; Produce strategy for long term maintenance of desired status when basis has been established; Providing system for continuously work on urban landscape to escape mistakes which would return our efforts to the beginning.

Project activities include making of strategy for reconstruction and maintenance of two parks, one year reconstruction effort on „green“ and „brown“ part of parks.

According of old approach of Austrian parks that they would serve as place for gathering people, and new approach which is almost the same, in both parks will be installed prefabricated disassembling stages and amphitheatres. Both facilities will serve as place for different performance which includes people from both part of Banat.

Environmental principle of project activities will be strongly emphasized. Enlargement of green surface in the urban area will rise capacity for absorption of harmful gasses and dust. One hectare of coniferous trees keeps about 40 t of dust but deciduous trees keeps 100 t per year. These facts are very important because both cities are heavy industrialized.

Pančevo and Caransebeş were implemented a series of project in CBC specially linked with Tamis, river which connects people. This project is a natural follow up. Through making even and continuous ambient, linked old partnerships and other cultural connections project will establish milieu for easy circulation of people, ideas and goods which in turn will be basis for sustainability.

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